193 Countries, political glitches, worsening tension and conflicts, international trade wars, climate change, mass oppression of people, devaluating economy; but one evolutionary organization, stands for development, stands for justice and humanity, stands for Peace above all.You ‘ve probably guessed it right, it is the United Nations. The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, social progress, economic development, human rights, and achievement of world peace. In layman language: it ensures that the world is a harmonious place to live in. The UN has a profusion of other initiatives. It strives for sustainable development and the environment, it works to reduce hunger, poverty, disease, and illiteracy among the countries. It counters terrorism and nuclear misuse while protecting refugees, providing disaster relief and economic development. It also concentrates on conserving indigenous cultures.
What led to the formation of the UN?World War I, fought between the Central Powers and the Legal Powers in the year 1914, proved to be brutal with millions of young people suffering and dying, scarring the face of humanity forever since. As an aftermath to the seminal catastrophe, an international group of leaders felt the necessity of a body, which is above all the scrutiny and bias, which governs the actions of all the nations and stands for justice and peace. Thus, they developed the League of Nations to solve the disputes between the countries. But the initiative failed miserably due to lack of control and system. It even faltered to prevent the conflicts which erupted to cause the Second World War; bringing forth the need for a new and reformed organization that could be a pillar of Global Peace. The League of Nations ceased its activities. In August 1941, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of U.S. and Winston Churchill, the British PM held a secret meeting to discuss the formation of a Global Peace effort and signed the Atlantic Charter. In 1942, the term United Nations was first coined by Franklin D. Roosevelt, to refer to the allies of WWII (Germany, Italy, and Japan). The Declaration of the United Nations was signed by representatives of 26 countries, which stated the war objectives of the Allied Powers. After a series of other conferences, at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, on the 21st of August till the 7th of October 1944, a diplomatic meeting of the Big Four Powers: US, UK, Soviet Union, and China took place. In the conference, the UN charter, which describes the general-purpose, role, structure and functions of the United Nations was drafted and then officially ratified on the 24th of October, 1945 by 51 member nations, marking the birth of the United Nations in all its glory. From thereon, the 24th of October is celebrated as United Nations Day. A lot of organizations and agencies got associated with the UN to address different global issues, like the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat, World Bank, IMF ( International Monetary Fund), UNESCO, WHO, UNICEF and many more.
The VisionAccording to the UN Charter, the United Nations aims to:
- Maintain international peace and security, and to take adequate steps to avert wars.
- To develop friendly relations amongst the nations based on equality.
- To achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character.
- To promote human rights and fundamental freedom for the people of the world.
- To serve as a center where all nations can harmonize together for the attainment of the objectives of the UN.